Topic- Confucianism and Daoism

Common Core Standards

  • RH.9-10.3. Analyze in detail a series of events described in a text; determine whether earlier events caused later ones or simply preceded them.
  • RH.9-10.6. Compare the point of view of two or more authors for how they treat the same or similar topics, including which details they include and emphasize in their respective accounts
  • WHST.9-10.7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

Suggested Student Objectives
  • Describing the life of Confucious and explaining comparatively the fundamental teachings of Confucianism and Daoism.

Activities
  • Use the following three passages expressing the "Golden Rule" and explain how Confucious, Aristotle, and Jesus sought to promote harmony in society. Confucius: "What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others." Aristotle: "We should behave to our friends as we would wish our friends to behave to us." Jesus: "So whatever you wish that men would do to you, do so to them."
  • Use excerpts from Marilee Heyer's the The Weaving of a Dream to describe Chinese values and belief systems.
  • Read selections from texts sush as John in the New Testament and the Analects of Confucious, and describe their teachings on living a moral life.
  • Stage a debate among a Confucianist, Daoist, and Legalist over which philosophy would end the era of warring states.
  • Research the role and statues of women in Confucian tradition. Compare the Confucian definition of women's roles with those of Ban Zhao as recorded in Lessons for women.

Resource Links

Confucianism A collection of sites about Confucius, Confucianism, and Ancient China
Confucius
GALE Student Resources in Context (login required) Search: Confucianism, Daoism for maps, images, reference materials and primary sources including The Analects of Confucius


Suggested Additional Readings

The Chinese book of etiquette and conduct for women and girls, entitled, Instruction for Chinese women and girls
The Chinese book of etiquette and conduct for women and girls, entitled, Instruction for Chinese women and girls
The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation (Classics of Ancient China)
The Analects of Confucius: A Philosophical Translation (Classics of Ancient China)

The Weaving of a Dream (Picture Puffins)
The Weaving of a Dream (Picture Puffins)


Assessments

Complete the following Thematic Essay-

Historical Context: Throughout world history, religion has played a major role in the lives of various people. Through religion people have held beliefs that have guided them in their daily living. From the earliest river valley civilizations to the recent Iranian revolution in 1979, religion has been a prominent feature in humankind’s culture. Religion has also been a source of conflict and change in world history.



In a well-written essay that includes an introduction, with a thesis statement, and a closing paragraph, complete the following two tasks:

- CHOOSE THREE RELIGIONS/BELIEF SYSTEMS AND EXPLAIN TWO MAJOR BELIEFS OF THE RELIGION

- CHOOSE THREE EXAMPLES IN WORLD HISTORY THAT SHOW HOW RELIGION HAS CAUSED CHANGE OR CONFLICT AND EXPLAIN HOW THEY HAVE CAUSED CONFLICT OR CHANGE

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